Document Type

Honors Project


This study sought to extend the concept of coaching efficacy by exploring all four factors identified in Bandura’s model of self-efficacy as potential sources of coaching efficacy: enactive mastery experience, verbal persuasion, vicarious experience, and physiological and affective state. A total of 224 high school and college coaches completed an online survey. The present study accounted for over twice the variance predicted in past studies on sources of coaching efficacy. The most potent source of coaching efficacy was physiological and affective state, suggesting that coaches derive their efficacy beliefs based on the perception of autonomic arousal.

Included in

Psychology Commons



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