Two studies investigated a potential cognitive mediator for stereotype threat, a phenomenon whereby the mere threat of confirming a negative stereotype results in a performance deficit. It was hypothesized that people attempt to suppress stereotypes in memory during threatening situations, consuming cognitive resources, but that the suppression is released after the threatening situation has ended. This results in a “rebound effect” and a subsequent increase in stereotyped thought. The experiments failed to find a significant stereotype threat effect when examined individually, but when the data from the experiments were aggregated aggregated, a performance deficit was found. However, because of the failure to find a significant performance deficit in any one experiment, the results to not directly bear on any potential rebound effect.
Schnarrenberger, Patrick, "A "Rebound Effect" After Stereotype Threat?" (2008). Psychology Honors Projects. 10.
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