We present the results of a wide-field (80’ x 80’) photometric and spectroscopic survey of the young open cluster Collinder 70, which is also known as the ORI OB 1b association, centered on the central star of Orion’s belt, ε Ori (Alnilam). Seventy Coll 70 spectroscopy targets were selected from BVRIc color magnitude diagrams for observation using the CTIO HYDRA multi-object spectrograph; we aimed to identify targets exhibiting H" in emission and a strong lithium 6708Å line in absorption. About a third of our targets (23/70 stars) are consistent with being youthful members of Coll 70. Intermediate resolution (R!20000) HYDRA Li I 6708Å equivalent widths and Baraffe et al. (2002) evolutionary models strongly suggest that this association is << 30 Myr. Observational evidence showing that some stars exhibit primordial levels of lithium, giant-like features in low-resolution spectra and the presence of infra-red excesses indicate that the association is considerably younger than 30 Myr and is a potentially valuable target for age determination using the Lithium Depletion Boundary method.
Thomann, Clara M.
"Photometric and Spectroscopic Analysis of Young, Nearby Open Cluster Collinder 70,"
Macalester Journal of Physics and Astronomy: Vol. 1
, Article 15.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.macalester.edu/mjpa/vol1/iss1/15