Document Type

Honors Project


This project uses the dual lenses of race and gender to put the perspectives of white men fighting in Bleeding Kansas in conversation with the often silenced voices of African Americans and American Indians. Black abolitionists and soldiers in the territory articulated the conflict as central to the future of the free black community. American Indians participated in this conflict while resisting white conquest of Kansas. With these perspectives, this project argues that conceptions of masculinity, intricately tied to race, played a central role in fueling the border violence and determining the way it is remembered.

Included in

History Commons



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