Despite significant efforts to mobilize Roma in Europe in order to facilitate

integration, Roma political movements often experience a lack of mass Roma support. In this study, I draw on interviews with Roma in Transylvania to suggest three barriers to mass support of Roma mobilization in Romania: first, a lack of identification with the Roma ethnonym and the unity it imposes on Gypsy social organization; second, a fear on the local level that the Roma movement is potentially a corrupt, elite movement; and third, a lack of communication between national and local efforts which exacerbates that fear.



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