As introduced by the cultural elite of São Paulo, Brazil in 1922, the aesthetics of modernism drove Oscar Niemeyer and Roberto Burle Marx's designs of urban architectural projects in the mid-twentieth century. These architectural performances of a modern paulistano identity, evidenced in Parque Ibirapuera, provide insight into the challenges and ruptures of identify formation and memory for the residents of São Paulo. Using antropofagia as a lens of analysis, the call to cultural cannibalism complicates the processes of self-representation within the city. Historically, paulistanos believed themselves to be the socio-economic and cultural pioneers of the Brazilian nation but tracing the conflicting manifestations of modernism through various socio-political contexts demonstrates class tensions and local divergences from national programs of identity building.
Zhao, Doris, "The Concrete Modernism of Oscar Niemeyer and the Paulistano Impulse Toward Cannibalized Urban Design and Performative Identity" (2012). History Honors Projects. Paper 17.
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