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Adoption of long-term methods of contraception, including intrauterine devices, implants, and injectable birth control, has increased substantially over the last decade. While these methods are the most effective forms of pregnancy prevention, they provide no protection against sexually transmitted infections (STIs). In this paper, I explore whether women on long-term methods of contraception use condoms less frequently, potentially putting them at greater risk of contracting STIs. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, I find evidence that women who switch to long-term methods decrease their use of condoms. However, they do not reduce their condom frequency more than women who switch to the pill. While it is important to improve STI counseling for women receiving all types of contraception, the potential for reduced condom usage should not dissuade policymakers and practitioners from promoting long-term methods.
Fuqua, Eleanore Margaret, "Doubling Up: Does the Adoption of Long-Term Contraception Reduce Condom Usage?" (2017). Economics Honors Projects. 67.
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