In the first part of this article, I examine elements of white identity in Minnesota through the concepts of private property, the possessive investment in whiteness, extractive narratives of place, and objectivity. Using these concepts, I explore white resistance to Indigenous land rights in the context of Fort Snelling and the Line 3 oil pipeline. In the first case, I cover the changes being made to the narratives at Fort Snelling, and the whiteness embedded in the Minnesota Historical Society, as well as the elements of whiteness embodied in the resistance to these changes. Turning towards an alternative, I use the theoretical frameworks of the commons and Indigenous radical resurgence to discuss the Stop Line 3 movement as an embodiment of anticapitalist practices that center Indigenous epistemologies and claim to land. I also return to the established elements of white Minnesotan identities to look at the resistance to the Stop Line 3 movement. Ultimately, I am placing Fort Snelling and Stop Line 3 as opposites, discussing the ways the Stop Line 3 centers Indigenous political and spiritual practices, whereas Fort Snelling subverts them.
"Towards Land Return: Indigenous Environmental Justice and White Resistance in Minnesota,"
Tapestries: Interwoven voices of local and global identities: Vol. 9
, Article 5.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.macalester.edu/tapestries/vol9/iss1/5
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