This paper will address similarities in moments of tolerance, moments of intolerance, and the events that spark the change in Christian perceptions of Islam. These patterns support a regularly fluctuating model of history akin to Ibn Khaldun’s theory of the rise and fall of civilizations. The paper will conclude by offering the value of such a model, also proposing ways in which the model might be used to break the cycle of history.
"Patterns of Cross-Cultural Tolerance and Intolerance in Medieval Christian Depictions of Islam, Muslims, and Mohammad,"
Macalester Islam Journal: Vol. 1
, Article 3.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.macalester.edu/islam/vol1/iss1/3