Stephen Jay Gould first proposed the idea of “iconographies of progress.” Today, one of the most prominent forms of progress iconography is the science fiction story. Science fiction as a genre frequently portrays evolution as a linear trajectory of increasing complexity, and in doing so, furthers a worldview that is not unlike the pre-Darwin understanding of human beings as both the center and the pinnacle of the natural world.
Pickreign, Jocelyn D.
"Science Fiction and the Myth of Trajectory Evolution,"
The Macalester Review:
2, Article 1.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.macalester.edu/macreview/vol3/iss2/1